Leonard Cohen （莱昂纳德·科恩），1934年生，是加拿大歌手兼作曲家，诗人和小说家。他的作品探索了宗教，政治，孤立，性和个人关系。科恩入选加拿大音乐名人堂，加拿大歌曲作者名人堂和摇滚名人堂。他是加拿大勋章的同伴，这是该国最高的平民荣誉。2011年，科恩获得阿斯图里亚斯王子文学奖和第九届格伦古尔德奖。
20世纪50年代和60年代初，科恩追求诗人和小说家的职业生涯; 他直到1967年才开始音乐事业，他33岁。他的第一张专辑，歌曲莱昂纳德科恩（1967年），随后是另外三张民谣专辑：一个房间的歌曲（1969年），爱的歌曲和仇恨（1971年）和旧仪式（1974年）。他1977年创纪录的女人之死由菲尔·斯佩克特（Phil Spector）共同编写并制作，离开了科恩以前的极简主义音乐。1979年，科恩带着更传统的近期歌曲回归将他的声学风格与爵士乐，东方和地中海的影响融为一体。也许Cohen最着名的歌曲 Hallelujah 于1984年在他的录音室专辑 Various Positions 上首次发行。1988 年我是你的男人，标志着Cohen转向合成制作并仍然是他最受欢迎的专辑。1992年，科恩发布了后续片段未来（The Future），其中有黑暗的歌词，并提到了政治和社会动荡。
科恩于2001年回归音乐，发行了十首新歌，这是加拿大和欧洲的一大热门。他的第十一张专辑Dear Heather于2004年效仿。在2008年至2013年成功巡回演出之后，Cohen在他生命的最后四年发行了三张专辑：Old Ideas（2012），Popular Issues（2014）和You Want It Darker（2016），最后一次在他去世前三周被释放。
Leonard Norman Cohen (September 21, 1934 – November 7, 2016) was a Canadian singer-songwriter, poet and novelist. His work explored religion, politics, isolation, sexuality and personal relationships.Cohen was inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame, the Canadian Songwriters Hall of Fame, and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. He was a Companion of the Order of Canada, the nation's highest civilian honour. In 2011, Cohen received one of the Prince of Asturias Awards for literature and the ninth Glenn Gould Prize.
Cohen pursued a career as a poet and novelist during the 1950s and early 1960s; he did not launch a music career until 1967, at the age of 33. His first album, Songs of Leonard Cohen (1967), was followed by three more albums of folk music: Songs from a Room (1969), Songs of Love and Hate (1971) and New Skin for the Old Ceremony (1974). His 1977 record Death of a Ladies' Man was co-written and produced by Phil Spector, which was a move away from Cohen's previous minimalist sound. In 1979, Cohen returned with the more traditional Recent Songs, which blended his acoustic style with jazz and Oriental and Mediterranean influences. Perhaps Cohen's most famous song, "Hallelujah" was first released on his studio album Various Positions in 1984. I'm Your Man in 1988 marked Cohen's turn to synthesized productions and remains his most popular album. In 1992, Cohen released its follow-up, The Future, which had dark lyrics and references to political and social unrest.
Cohen returned to music in 2001 with the release of Ten New Songs, which was a major hit in Canada and Europe. His eleventh album, Dear Heather, followed in 2004. Following a successful string of tours between 2008 and 2013, Cohen released three albums in the final four years of his life: Old Ideas (2012), Popular Problems (2014) and You Want It Darker (2016), the last of which was released three weeks before his death.