Frank Sinatra

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所属分类:歌手大全

Frank Sinatra

地区:美国

生日:1915-12-12(射手座)

Frank Sinatra

Francis Albert Sinatra(1915年12月12日 - 1998年5月14日)是美国歌手,演员和制片人,是20世纪最受欢迎和最有影响力的音乐艺术家之一。他是有史以来最畅销的音乐艺术家之一,在全球销售了超过1.5亿张唱片。

Sinatra出生于新泽西州Hoboken的意大利移民,他在乐队领导者Harry James和Tommy Dorsey的摇摆时代开始了他的音乐生涯。 Sinatra在1943年与哥伦比亚唱片公司签约后成为独唱艺术家,成为鲍勃·索克斯的偶像。 1946年,他发行了他的首张专辑弗兰克·辛纳屈的声音.Sinatra的职业生涯在20世纪50年代初停滞不前,他转向拉斯维加斯,在那里他成为了最着名的驻场表演者之一,作为Rat Pack的一部分。他的职业生涯于1953年重演,从从这里到永恒的成功,他的表演随后赢得了奥斯卡金像奖和金球奖最佳男配角奖。 Sinatra发行了几张备受赞誉的专辑,包括In the We Small Small Hours(1955),Swingin'Lovers的歌曲! (1956),Come Fly with Me(1958),Only Lonely(1958)and Nice'n'Easy(1960)。

Sinatra于1960年离开Capitol创办了他自己的唱片公司Reprise Records,并发行了一系列成功的专辑。 1965年,他录制了回顾性的我的岁月,并出演了获得艾美奖的电视特别剧弗兰克辛纳屈:一个男人和他的音乐。在Sands发行Sinatra后,于1966年初在拉斯维加斯的Sands酒店和赌场录制了频繁的合作者Count Basie,第二年他与Tom Jobim,专辑Francis Albert Sinatra和Antonio Carlos Jobim合作录制了他最着名的合作。随后是1968年的Francis A.和Edward K.与Duke Ellington。 Sinatra于1971年首次退役,但两年后退休并录制了几张专辑并在Caesars Palace恢复演出,并于1980年以纽约纽约取得了成功。他将拉斯维加斯的表演作为家庭基地,在1998年去世前不久在美国和国际巡回演出。

作为一名电影演员,Sinatra打造了一个非常成功的职业生涯。在赢得从这里到永恒的奥斯卡奖之后,他出演了金臂男(1955年),并因其在满洲候选人(1962年)中的表现而获得好评。他出现在各种音乐剧中,如On the Town(1949),Guys and Dolls(1955),High Society(1956)和Pal Joey(1957),为后者赢得另一个金球奖。在他的职业生涯结束时,他开始扮演侦探,包括托尼罗马(1967年)的头衔角色。 Sinatra后来于1971年获得金球奖Cecil B. DeMille奖。在电视上,Frank Sinatra Show于1950年开始在ABC播出,他继续在20世纪50年代和60年代在电视上露面。从20世纪40年代中期开始,西纳特拉也积极参与政治活动,并积极为哈里·S·杜鲁门,约翰·肯尼迪和罗纳德·里根等总统竞选。在犯罪方面,联邦调查局调查了Sinatra和他与黑手党的关系。

虽然Sinatra从未学会如何阅读音乐,但他对此有着令人印象深刻的理解,并且他从小就努力工作以提高他在音乐各个方面的能力。一个完美主义者,以其着装感和表演能力而闻名,他一直坚持与乐队录制现场直播。他明亮的蓝眼睛为他赢得了流行的绰号Ol'Blue Eyes。 Sinatra带来了丰富多彩的个人生活,经常与女性一起参与动荡的事务,例如与他的第二任妻子Ava Gardner。他后来于1966年与米亚法罗和1976年的巴巴拉马克思结婚。辛纳特拉发生了几次暴力对抗,通常是他认为曾经与他交过过的记者,或与他有分歧的工作老板。他于1983年荣获肯尼迪中心荣誉,1985年被罗纳德里根授予总统自由勋章,1997年获得国会金奖.Sinatra还获得了11项格莱美奖,包括格莱美奖,格莱美传奇奖奖项和格莱美终身成就奖。他被集体纳入时代杂志汇编的二十世纪最具影响力的100位人物。在他去世后,美国音乐评论家罗伯特克里斯高称他为20世纪最伟大的歌手,并继续被视为一个标志性的人物。

Francis Albert Sinatra (December 12, 1915 – May 14, 1998) was an American singer, actor, and producer who was one of the most popular and influential musical artists of the 20th century. He is one of the best-selling music artists of all time, having sold more than 150 million records worldwide.

Born to Italian immigrants in Hoboken, New Jersey, Sinatra began his musical career in the swing era with bandleaders Harry James and Tommy Dorsey. Sinatra found success as a solo artist after he signed with Columbia Records in 1943, becoming the idol of the "bobby soxers". He released his debut album, The Voice of Frank Sinatra, in 1946. Sinatra's professional career had stalled by the early 1950s, and he turned to Las Vegas, where he became one of its best known residency performers as part of the Rat Pack. His career was reborn in 1953 with the success of From Here to Eternity, with his performance subsequently winning an Academy Award and Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor. Sinatra released several critically lauded albums, including In the Wee Small Hours (1955), Songs for Swingin' Lovers! (1956), Come Fly with Me (1958), Only the Lonely (1958) and Nice 'n' Easy (1960).

Sinatra left Capitol in 1960 to start his own record label, Reprise Records, and released a string of successful albums. In 1965, he recorded the retrospective September of My Years and starred in the Emmy-winning television special Frank Sinatra: A Man and His Music. After releasing Sinatra at the Sands, recorded at the Sands Hotel and Casino in Vegas with frequent collaborator Count Basie in early 1966, the following year he recorded one of his most famous collaborations with Tom Jobim, the album Francis Albert Sinatra & Antonio Carlos Jobim. It was followed by 1968's Francis A. & Edward K. with Duke Ellington. Sinatra retired for the first time in 1971, but came out of retirement two years later and recorded several albums and resumed performing at Caesars Palace, and reached success in 1980 with "New York, New York". Using his Las Vegas shows as a home base, he toured both within the United States and internationally until shortly before his death in 1998.

Sinatra forged a highly successful career as a film actor. After winning an Academy Award for From Here to Eternity, he starred in The Man with the Golden Arm (1955), and received critical acclaim for his performance in The Manchurian Candidate (1962). He appeared in various musicals such as On the Town (1949), Guys and Dolls (1955), High Society (1956), and Pal Joey (1957), winning another Golden Globe for the latter. Toward the end of his career, he became associated with playing detectives, including the title character in Tony Rome (1967). Sinatra would later receive the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award in 1971. On television, The Frank Sinatra Show began on ABC in 1950, and he continued to make appearances on television throughout the 1950s and 1960s. Sinatra was also heavily involved with politics from the mid-1940s, and actively campaigned for presidents such as Harry S. Truman, John F. Kennedy and Ronald Reagan. In crime, the FBI investigated Sinatra and his alleged relationship with the Mafia.

While Sinatra never learned how to read music, he had an impressive understanding of it, and he worked very hard from a young age to improve his abilities in all aspects of music. A perfectionist, renowned for his dress sense and performing presence, he always insisted on recording live with his band. His bright blue eyes earned him the popular nickname "Ol' Blue Eyes". Sinatra led a colorful personal life, and was often involved in turbulent affairs with women, such as with his second wife Ava Gardner. He later married Mia Farrow in 1966 and Barbara Marx in 1976. Sinatra had several violent confrontations, usually with journalists he felt had crossed him, or work bosses with whom he had disagreements. He was honored at the Kennedy Center Honors in 1983, was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Ronald Reagan in 1985, and the Congressional Gold Medal in 1997. Sinatra was also the recipient of eleven Grammy Awards, including the Grammy Trustees Award, Grammy Legend Award and the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. He was collectively included in Time magazine's compilation of the twentieth century's 100 most influential people. After his death, American music critic Robert Christgau called him "the greatest singer of the 20th century", and he continues to be seen as an iconic figure.

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